Displaying items by tag: Carp
Carp production in semi-intensive conditions can very significantly
Cereal grains, pelleted, and extruded feed in semi-intensive common carp production have different impacts on production, meat quality, the pond ecosystem, and proﬁtability.
Common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) is one of the most important species of farmed fish. It is farmed in more than a hundred countries of the world, mainly in earthen ponds. Most of the production is in semi-intensive culture systems. Such production is based on boosted natural food produced in the pond with supplemental feed. Although simple at first appearance, this farming method has a whole range of options: from traditional farming methods based on feeding with cereal grains and other locally available plants to production based on the use of high quality compound feeds. In Europe semi-intensive production based on feeding with cereal grains is still dominant. Although in some countries, such as Serbia, cereals have been largely replaced by compound (extruded) feeds.
A Hungarian government owned company is responsible for managing fish stocks in Lake Balaton
This article was featured in EUROFISH Magazine 2 2021.
Hungary’s Lake Balaton is the largest freshwater lake in central Europe with an area of 600 sq. km and a length of 78 km. It is a popular tourist destination not least for anglers because of the recreational fishing opportunities it offers. Commercial fishing on the lake stopped in 2013 and in the rest of the country in 2016.
Lake Balaton is an important destination for tourists and the local population for all kinds of water related activities such as bathing, sailing, and health spas. The lake is also a favoured destination for Hungarian sport fishers who number some 700,000 people (out of a population of 10m). They target a variety of species including perch, asp, catfish, pike, and common carp.
New product forms respond to market demands
This article was featured in EUROFISH Magazine 6 / 2020.
Alterations in climate patterns, developments in the market for carp products, and shifts in consumer profiles are all having an impact on the way carp is produced and sold in Poland.
Pond fish farming in Poland dates back to at least the 12th century, when monks produced fish in earthen ponds. Over the next 500 years ponds were built that varied in size from 100 ha to 1,000 ha. The biggest ponds were subsequently divided into smaller, more manageable units and today the area available for fish farming is some 60,000 ha. A variety of freshwater species are produced in polyculture in these ponds including common carp, bighead carp, grass carp, silver carp, catfish, pike, tench, and pike-perch. Production has shown a gently increasing trend over recent years and stood at 26,500 tonnes in 2018, according to FAO.
Farmed fish with a long history and an uncertain future
The common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is not only one of the best-known but also one of the most frequently produced freshwater food fishes. Nearly 4.2 million tonnes of this species were reared in carp ponds or in polyculture in 2014, plus a further 150,000 tonnes from fishing. Carp were already popular as food fish in the ancient world, and in Central Europe centuries-old carp fishing ponds are today part of the cultural landscape.
The original distribution area of common carp is in the warm temperate regions of South East Europe and Asia from the Black Sea, through Asia Minor and China, to Japan. The Romans introduced the species to Central Europe about 2,000 years ago and today it is to be found all over Europe, with the exception of Scandinavia. Within this extensive area, however, the species structure is widely controversial. Some taxonomists distinguish four subspecies whose core centres are thought to be found from the Danube River basin to the Ural Mountain range, in the Aral Sea, in the Amur River basin to southern China, and in the waters of North Vietnam. Other experts differentiate only two subspecies – C. c. carpio and C. c. haematopterus, while a third group sees rather a uniform species status. Morphological methods alone hardly enable any satisfactory distinction for, with regard to its body shape, the common carp is one of the most variable freshwater fish species.
The 2017 December issue celebrates 20 years of the Eurofish Magazine. This issue looks at fisheries and aquaculture headlines over the last two decades and shows some of the people working behind the scenes.
The issue also features Romania, as the main country profile and contains pieces on Latvia and Russia.
The species section focuses on Europe’s carp farming and its needs for new marketing ideas. Under the Trade and Markets section we look at the implementation of the new EU-Canada trade agreement and how the deal will effect consumer prices and boost trade.