Representatives from two of the CACFish member countries, Tajikistan and Turkey, made presentations on the fisheries and aquaculture sector in their countries. Tajikistan is landlocked but has extensive lakes, reservoirs, and rivers. Fish production is mainly from the almost 370 fish farms of which about 4% (14 farms) produce trout in raceways. The remainder produce carps and associated species in earthen ponds. Fish are also bred for restocking in the natural environment. In 2021, 7m juvenile carps were released into the reservoirs. To boost farmed fish production the government seeks to introduce the latest equipment and technology as well as develop new fish breeds. It would like also to produce high performance feeds in the country rather than importing them from Europe and Iran. In Turkey, the 14 state-owned hatcheries (12 freshwater and 2 marine) produce some 60m juveniles a year for restocking. Carps, catfish, sturgeon, and turbot are among the fish that are bred for this purpose. Turkey’s eight fisheries research institutions are spread across the country and each of them is responsible for a region. They study the genetic diversity of carp populations in stocked lakes, monitor the restocked juveniles, and have a breeding programme for cold-tolerant carp, among other projects.
As part of the session, the CACFish secretariat organised a visit to the Istanbul fish auction for delegates. The fish starts arriving at the auction at 01.00 in the morning and is auctioned a couple of hours later. Most of the fish is from the Black Sea, but small quantities from the Sea of Marmara, the Aegean, and even the Mediterranean, as well as farmed fish, were on display. The wholesale market at the auction is the biggest in Turkey handling 40-50,000 tonnes of fish a year which is distributed to the rest of the country.
Following the visit to the auction delegates returned to the concluding session of the meeting. The eighth session of CACFish will be hosted by Tajikistan in September or October 2023.