Located on the Mediterranean Sea, the Gaza strip has an area of 360 sq. km and is home to some two million people. The coastline is 40 km long and has supported fishing activities for many years. Today, however, the fishing sector faces a number of environmental challenges including coastal erosion, high salinity of the water, excessive sediment (particularly around the port of Gaza, and human impacts such as the large volumes of wastewater that flow into the sea, and overfishing.
Gadus, a fishing and processing company based in Gdynia, has grown from a small, local company to the the biggest Baltic fish producer in Poland and a leading processor of white fish selling its products on the domestic and export markets.
Kattegat Seaweed is part of Davai, a company specialising, among other activities, in the service and maintenance of physical infrastructure such as bridges, wind turbines, and transformer stations. Investing in seaweed stems from a conviction that a local company should be the first to find out whether a resource on its doorstep can be viably exploited.
While algae production and consumption is well established in Asia, in Europe it is less well known. However, as consumers focus increasingly on health and information about the benefits of algae become more widespread, this may be changing.
Falling numbers of coastal fishers and the disappearance of several fishing harbours due to a lack of activity have prompted parties in the Danish parliament to launch a series of initiatives intended to bolster this segment of the fishing sector and secure its long-term future.
The Danish Agrifish Agency, part of the Ministry of Environment and Food, is responsible for creating the conditions necessary for the sustainable growth of fisheries, including aquaculture, and agriculture. The agency has three broad areas of operation – legislation, subsidies, and control – which are used to exploit the country’s natural resources balancing the demands of the environment with that of industry. Bjørn Wirlander, Head of the EU and Fisheries Regulation Unit, and Anja Gadgård Boye, a colleague in the unit, speak here about some of the issues facing the Danish fisheries and aquaculture sector.
Within just a few years skrei or winter cod has become an important addition to the range of seafood available because it combines seasonality with high product quality and its own special story. Prestigious service counters and restaurants upgrade their image with skrei boosting sales.
The Curonian lagoon is separated from the Baltic Sea by the Curonian spit. The lagoon is 1,584 sq. km in size and harbours a number of fish species, which provide the basis for a fishery in the lagoon. The lagoon, like the spit, is divided into a Lithuanian part in the north and a Russian part in the south. At the northern end of the lagoon is the city of Klaipeda, where a narrow strait connects the lagoon to the Baltic sea.